Elkhorn fern, Staghorn Fern - Platycerium alcicorne

Latin name: Platycerium bifurcatum
Common name: Elkhorn fern, Staghorn Fern
Plant group:
Green plants
Plant family:
Polypodiaceae
Synonym:

Platycerium alcicorne

Minimal temperature: 12-14°C (53-57°F)
Optimal temperature: 24-28°C (75-82°F)
Recommended place:
bright, penumbral
Soil:
humus-peat-loosely
Plant form:
branch
Height: 100 cm (39 in.)
Repotting: every 12 months (1 year)
Rarity: no
Diseases:
Pytium blight (Helminthosporium, Pythium, Fusarium)
Origin territory:
Australia and New Zealand
 123456789101112
Flowering period            
Availability on market            

Platycerium bifurcatum is one of the more unusual and challenging house plants. It grows without its roots in soil and produces 2 types of fronds. One type is the branched frond that gives the plant its name. The other round, flat frond forms a collar around the branched fronds. The round frond may be 3 to 4 inches (7-10 cm) across on young plants but 3 to 4 feet (90-120 cm) across on older plants. The plant is mounted on a slab of redwood, pine, or cork. The flat round frond is the basal frond and is wired onto the slab. A mixture of peat moss, oak leaves and chopped sphagnum moss is put between the basal frond and the wood slab. Keep the plant moderately moist. Little fertilizer is needed but once a year place fresh potting mixture between the slab and the basal frond. Ideal temperatures are between 60°F and 80°F (16-27°C). Avoid spraying the leaves.

Propagation is by plantlets produced at the base of the plant.