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Peacock Plant, Brain Plant

Latin name: Calathea sp.
Common name: Peacock Plant, Brain Plant
Plant group:
Green plants
Plant family:
Tropical rainforest climate
Minimal temperature: 18-20°C (64-68°F)
Optimal temperature: 26-30°C (78-86°F)
Recommended place:
sunny moderate shaded
Plant form:
Height: 50 cm (19.5 in.)
Flower color:
Repotting: every 24 months (2 years)
Rarity: no
Falcifer ground mealybag (Rhizzoecus falcifera)
Pytium blight (Helminthosporium, Pythium, Fusarium)
Origin territory:
South America
Flowering period            
Availability on market            

Calathea is a herbaceous perennial from the Tropical Americas like Brazil, Guyana, Columbia and Nicaragua. The handsome leaves are the attraction for tropical gardeners and indoor plant lovers as well.


Various types are appealing for these leaves which may be patterned with interesting colourful lines, or colourful blotches or colourful spots. Although calathea develops flowers, they are typically very small and insignificant. Exceptions include C. crocata, C. loeseneri and C. lancifolia.


Pointed, oval, dark green leaves have silvery - white stripe down center of leaf and a scalloped stripe down each side of leaf near the margin. Red tint on underside of leaf.


Calethea requires good drainage, high humidity, medium light and warm night temperatures, which makes it somewhat difficult to grow. Water thoroughly, keep soil evenly moist to touch (not saturated). Soil for calathea should be highly organic and well drained. Don't let sit in water. Low humidity and direct sunlight will cause leaf burn.