Croton

Latin name: Codiaeum variegatum eureka
Common name: Croton
Plant group:
Green plants
Plant family:
Euphorbiaceae
Climate:
Tropical monsoon climate
Minimal temperature: 15-18°C (59-64°F)
Optimal temperature: 27-32°C (80-89°F)
Recommended place:
sunny or penumbral
Soil:
humus-peat-loamy
Plant form:
tree-like, arboraceous
Height: 50 cm (19.5 in.)
Flower color:
white
yellow
Repotting: every 24 months (2 years)
Rarity: no
Pests:
Falcifer ground mealybag (Rhizzoecus falcifera)
Diseases:
Pytium blight (Helminthosporium, Pythium, Fusarium)
Origin country:
Indonesia
Origin territory:
Asia
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Codiaeum variegatum or Croton is a hard to grow house plant with brightly colored leaves. Best foliage color develops in high light to semi-sun. Allow the soil surface to dry slightly between waterings. Any house plant fertilizer may be used according to label directions during the growing season. Croton requires a minimum temperature of 60°F (15°C) with ideal temperatures 80°F (27°C). Repot in March and expect lower leaves to drop as the plant ages. Croton responds to extra humidity but leaf drop occurs in low humidity or temperatures below 50°F (10°C).

 

Propagation is by air layering or stem tip cuttings.

Cuttings are taken in spring or summer and rooted at temperatures between 70°F and 80°F (21-27°C).