Dumb Cane, Spotted dumb cane, Gold-dieffenbachia

Latin name: Dieffenbachia camilla
Common name: Dumb Cane, Spotted dumb cane, Gold-dieffenbachia
Plant group:
Green plants
Plant family:
Araceae
Climate:
Tropical rainforest climate
Minimal temperature: 14-16°C (57-60°F)
Optimal temperature: 24-28°C (75-82°F)
Recommended place:
bright, penumbral
bright, am or pm sunlight
Soil:
humus-peat-loosely
Plant form:
upright, columnar
Height: 50 cm (19.5 in.)
Flower color:
white
greenish
Repotting: every 24 months (2 years)
Rarity: no
Pests:
Grape Mealybug (Pseudococcus maritimus)
Diseases:
Pytium blight (Helminthosporium, Pythium, Fusarium)
Origin territory:
South America
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Dieffenbachias consists of about 30 tropical perennials native to Costa Rica, Columbia, Brazil, Puerto Rico and the West Indies.

Dieffenbachias are easy houseplants that tolerate a wide range of conditions. These plants are popular in homes and offices for their colorful, large leaves.They have a large, white-variegated leaves carried on upright stems brighten this rather soft plant. Most dieffenbachias will grow from 3 to 6 feet (90-180 cm) tall and 1 to 3 feet (30-100 cm) wide. Individual leaves can be 18 inches (45 cm) long by 12 inches (30 cm) wide.

 

Dieffenbachias will grow quickly in ideal conditions or barely at all if light is low. It need indirect or bright-diffused light and low humidity.

Dieffenbachias enjoy normal warm household temperatures. Temperatures from 60 to 75 °F (16-24°C) are ideal. Always protect dieffenbachias from cold and major changes in temperature.

Maintain soil on the dry side. Drench soil thoroughly, then allow it to become moderately dry before watering again. Water regularly from spring to autumn. Sparingly in winter. Over watering and stem rot are common problems, especially at low temperatures.

As these plants mature, lower leaves naturally drop to reveal attractive, trunklike stems. If the stems become too long and bare, you can rejuvenate the plant simply by cutting the stems back to about 6 inches tall. The plant will regrow below the cut.

If repotting is necessary, do so in early spring. Propagation is by cane cuttings, stem tip cuttings or air layering done in spring or early summer.

March through September use a house

plant fertilizer.

Dieffenbachia sap causes mouth tissue to swell if chewed, which is hazardous to small children and pets.