|Latin name:||Ficus benjamina Exotica|
|Common name:||Exotica Weeping fig, Weeping Chinese Banyan|
Tropical monsoon climate
Subtropical moist forest climate
|Minimal temperature:||14-16°C (57-60°F)|
|Optimal temperature:||22-27°C (71-80°F)|
bright, am or pm sunlight
|Height:||200 cm (78 in.)|
|Repotting:||every 24 months (2 years)|
Leaf nematode (Aphelenchoides ritzemabosi)
Root orthezia (Actorthezia cataphracta)
Black Root Rot (Thielaviopsis basicola)
Pytium blight (Helminthosporium, Pythium, Fusarium)
|Availability on market|
There are over 600 species of Ficus, most of them tropical and evergreen, although some, most notably F. carica, the common fig, are deciduous. Ficus produces a unique fruit which is actually an inverted flower. Not all Ficus produce edible fruit.
These plants are sold in wide range of sizes, including tissue-cultured cuttings and plugs, air layers, small liners (plugs) from standard cuttings, and container-grown plants up to 200-gallon (900 L) capacity.
Ficus benjamina is commonly known as the weeping fig and can originally be found in India, northern Australia, and Southeast Asia.
The Ficus benjamina Exotica is light green in color and grows compactly.
The Ficus benjamina can get very large and is found growing both in full sun all the way down to the heavy shaded dense forest. The Ficus is a very versatile plant as far as light goes. In the full sun it will have a thick canopy of leaves. But, in the dense forest it will grow very open with fewer leaves and thin weeping branches. This explains some of the leaf loss going from a higher light level to a lower light level. This is why every time you move that ficus from one room to another or turn it around you lose leaves.
Ficus benjamina "exotica" is suitable for bonsai.
To grow Ficus benjamina and the other small leafed species successfully, they should be placed in bright indirect light, such as an east window, or in front of a curtain-filtered south window. Although the plant will adapt to direct sunlight, a combination of very dry air and direct sun can lead to problems with spider mites. At least 400 foot candles of light should be provided for optimum health requirements.
The main cause of leaf drop is stress from over-watering or under-watering the plant. The media should be kept moist at all times. Dryness of the media followed by a sudden soaking will almost certainly result in yellowing of the leaves and leafdrop. The tree should be watered as soon as the media's surface approaches dryness. This can be determined by feeling the surface of the media or simply noticing the difference in color of the media. A wet or moist soil or media is dark colored, whereas, a dry surface is light colored. A soggy soil will also cause leafdrop, so it is important that the media be well-drained and the containers drainage holes always open and free of obstructions. Water at the top of the soil and continue to add water until excess water runs out of the drainage holes in the pot. Do not let the pot sit in the excess water.
Although the tree will tolerate night temperatures as low as 45°F (7°C), 65-68°F (18-20°C) is ideal. Daytime temperatures should be maintained near 72-80°F (22-27°C). Warm or cold drafts must be avoided as they can also cause leafdrop. Misting the tree is beneficial for both health of the tree and prevention of spider mite infestations.
Indoor Ficus appreciate being brought outdooors during summer.
Ficus is one of the easiest plant to root from cuttings; although the specifics for maximum
Repotting them every 2-3 years, although some will grow rapidly enough that yearly repotting may be necessary. Ficus can be repotted any time of year if reasonable after-care is given.