Banana, Chinese Banana

Latin name: Musa cavendishii
Common name: Banana, Chinese Banana
Plant group:
Green plants
Plant family:
Musaceae
Climate:
Tropical rainforest climate
Subtropical moist forest climate
Minimal temperature: 15-17°C (59-62°F)
Optimal temperature: 24-26°C (75-78°F)
Recommended place:
bright, am or pm sunlight
mid-shade
Soil:
humus-peat-loosely
Plant form:
upright, columnar
tree-like, arboraceous
Height: 150 cm (58.5 in.)
Flower color:
yellowish
Repotting: every 12 months (1 year)
Rarity: no
Pests:
Plum scale (Parthenolecanium corni)
Diseases:
Pytium blight (Helminthosporium, Pythium, Fusarium)
Origin country:
China
 123456789101112
Flowering period            
Availability on market            

These are treelike, herbaceous plants that live in warm countries and are suitable for outdoor cultivation in frost-free climates. They may be grown a bit further in the north if fruit is not the aim. They can be grown in hothouses in colder areas, or outside during the summer months for the tropical beauty of their large, paddle-shaped leaves. The "stems" of these plants are made of overlapping leaf sheaths that die after flowering. The dwarf Banana, or M. cavendishii, has a cluster of leaves that grow from 5 to 6 feet (150-180 cm) from a trunk-like stem.

 

Musas need rich soil that is kept moist during its period of active growth. It should not be allowed to dry completely. The soil should contain generous amounts of humus - preferably rich compost or well-rotted manure.

Plants that are grown in pots or tubs should be repotted yearly. If they are already in containers as large as can be handled, they should be top-dressed every spring.

If they are kept indoors, light shade from the strongest sun should be provided, but plants grown outside for the summer can stand full sun. Specimens that have their containers filled with roots will benefit from weekly applications of dilute liquid fertilizer. They need a humid atmosphere and should be sprayed with a lot of water on clear days.

In climates that allow Musas to be planted outside for their ornamental foliage, they should be in sheltered spots where they will be somewhat protected from strong winds, which will most likely shred their huge leaves.

 

This plant is easily propagated using sucker growths found at the base of the old plants. The rooted suckers are taken off and planted, first in small pots and after a few months, in tubs, boxes, or open beds, where they are to grow and fruit. Spring is the best time to plant rooted suckers. The main stem dies after bearing fruit and the suckers grow to replace it.

 

Varieties:

Musa paradisiaca sapientum (the common Banana),

Musa nana, Musa Cavendishii (the dwarf Banana),

Musa paradisiaca (Plantain),

Musa textilis,

Musa Basjoo,

Musa Ensete,

Musa rosacea,

Musa sumatrana,

Musa zebrina,

Musa malaccensis,

Musa coccinea.