Pepper, Radiator plant

Latin name: Peperomia
Common name: Pepper, Radiator plant
Plant group:
Green plants
Plant family:
Piperaceae
Minimal temperature: 13-15°C (55-59°F)
Optimal temperature: 24-28°C (75-82°F)
Recommended place:
bright
mid-shade
Soil:
humus-peat-loosely
Plant form:
shrubby, bushy
Height: 20 cm (7.8 in.)
Flower color:
white
Repotting: every 12 months (1 year)
Rarity: no
Diseases:
Pytium blight (Helminthosporium, Pythium, Fusarium)
Origin territory:
South America
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Flowering period            
Availability on market            

About a thousand species of Peperomias have been described, mainly from South America although a few (17) are found in Africa. Many of these plants are perennial epiphytes growing on rotten logs and they have thick stems and fleshy leaves, some with leaf windows. Most Peperomias have tiny flowers which are packed into a characteristic greenish or brown conical spike like an inverted catkin. A few species have more attractive flowers such as the white scented clusters of spikes produced by P. fraseri.

 

Peperomias are best cultivated in a light, well drained compost containing plenty of humus and do well in shallow containers. Coming from tropical rain-forest habitats, they love warm humid conditions and most need a minimum temperature of 55°F (13°C). However, the stems and foliage can be prone to rotting and Peperomias should be watered sparingly from below (especially in winter) with soft water, avoiding wetting the crown of the plant. In warm climates Peperomias can be grown outside as ground .

Peperomias may be propagated from leaf or tip cuttings, although the variegated species grow mainly from tip cuttings.

 

Varieties:

Peperomia acuminata,

Peperomia capreata (Emerald Ripples),

Peperomia clusiaefolia,

Peperomia crassifolia,

Peperomia griseo-argentea,

Peperomia hederaefolia,

Peperomia incana,

Peperomia pixie green,

Peperomia rotundifolia,

Peperomia obtusifolia variegata (Variegated Baby Rubber Plant),

Peperomia rubella,

Peperomia Sandersii,

Peperomia Sandersii variety argyreia,

Peperomia velutina,

Peperomia maculosa,

Peperomia glabella (Wax Privet) & its variety variegata.